An industrial automation system for a process plant typically includes the following components:

1. Sensors and instrumentation: These include devices such as temperature sensors, pressure sensors, flow meters, and level sensors, which are used to monitor and measure various process variables.

2. Control and automation equipment: This includes programmable logic controllers (PLCs), distributed control systems (DCS), and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems, which are used to control and automate the mining process.

3. Communication and networking: This include fieldbus systems, such as Profibus, Modbus, and Ethernet, which are used to connect sensors, instrumentation, and control equipment.

4. Human-machine interface (HMI): This includes operator interfaces, such as touchscreens and graphical user interfaces, which are used to display process information and allow operators to interact with the system.

5. Power and energy management: This includes systems and devices such as variable frequency drives, uninterruptible power supply systems, and energy management software, which are used to control and optimize energy consumption in the mining process.

6. Safety and security: These include safety instrumented systems (SIS), fire and gas detection systems, and security systems, which are used to ensure the safety of personnel and equipment in the mining process.

7. Data management and analysis: This includes systems such as historian, reporting and analytics software that capture, store, and analyse data from the mining process.

8. Remote monitoring and control: This include systems such as remote access, telemetry, and remote diagnostics, which allow operators to monitor and control the mining process from remote locations.

The specifics of the industrial automation system will vary depending on the specific process, the type of materials being processed, and the size of the operation, but this is a general overview of the typical components of a process plant’s industrial automation system.

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